President Harry S. Truman favored a liberal immigration policy toward DPs. Faced with congressional inaction, he issued an executive order, the “Truman Directive,” on December 22, 1945. The directive required that existing immigration quotas be designated for displaced persons. While overall immigration into the United States did not increase, more DPs were admitted than before. About 22,950 DPs, of whom two-thirds were Jewish, entered the United States between December 22, 1945, and 1947 under provisions of the Truman Directive.
Congressional action was needed before existing immigration quotas could be increased. In 1948, following intense lobbying by the American Jewish community, Congress passed legislation to admit 400,000 DPs to the United States. Nearly 80,000 of these, or about 20 percent, were Jewish DPs. The rest were Christians from Eastern Europe and the Baltics, many of whom had been forced laborers in Germany. The entry requirements favored agricultural laborers to such an extent, however, that President Truman called the law “flagrantly discriminatory against Jews.” Congress amended the law in 1950, but by that time most of the Jewish DPs in Europe had gone to the newly established state of Israel (founded on May 14, 1948).
By 1952, 137,450 Jewish refugees (including close to 100,000 DPs) had settled in the United States. The amended 1948 law was a turning point in American immigration policy and established a precedent for later refugee crises.
I bolded the most salient part here. Immigration of Jews after the Holocaust was limited by tight immigration quotas that made it difficult for Displaced Jews to go ANYWHERE other than Israel. Also keep in mind that many Jews who tried to go back to their previous homes faced violent hostility to their return of their homes, businesses and properties, most famously the Kielce Pogrom.
I’m incredibly sick of people making the argument that anti-semitism played no role in “settler colonial” Zionism. If laws favoring Jewish immigration were in place in allied countries that didn’t collaborate with the Nazis like the United States or United Kingdom, the likelihood of there being an immigration crisis and partition plan of the sorts that led to the creation of Israel would have decreased substantially.
Critics of the creation of Israel needs to stop erasing the roles of Europe and the United States in helping to force the issue by blocking Jewish immigration to their countries. They also need to take into account that they are capable of being anti-semitic in their anti-Zionist critiques. There are multiple layers of oppression at play here. This is especially irritating when it comes from White gentiles whose ancestors perpetrated anti-semitism for 2000 years and whose countries either murdered us, exiled us or refused us entry.